Using the existing relationship between the bunker and the Pallaseum explored in the previous posts, I decided to challenge this by using the surrounding areas as a part of the stacked relationship. What defines a buildings value? In the cities programmatic hierarchy what is at the top and what will be at the bottom? Obviously these things will differ from person to person, and this is the problem! What if the city had fixed boundaries and we could eliminate the urban sprawl? What if there was an extreme condition of the green belt? I will attempt to re-configure the city.
Existing programmatic uses of the site.
use of the site: the bunker, Pallasseum and immediate site.
The rings highlight the amount of use happening in the building[s] within the ring. As you can see the site itself is in constant use – however, these are all broken down into different programs that occur across the site. The outer ring indicates a year cycle, the middle is a week, and the three inner rings are weekdays, Saturday and Sunday respectively.
isolated programs found across the site.
These diagrams show human tendency. I, for one, would definitely not fit into this routine, I sleep late, work late, and live in the studio more than at home! But as a starting point this was based on tendencies.
The church is used for morning prayer only and during the weekend for services. When the church is not used, the space lies dormant. The telecommunications tower is actually in use all the time, however it is unmanned. Public spaces do not have a set routine, however have more use after hours of work and school and during the weekends and they accommodate a plethora of activities. However, the use of public space can be influenced greatly by unpredictable variables, such as the weather.
Stacking the site.
Using the relationship established between the bunker and the Pallasseum I stacked the programs (crudely!).
stacked programs – the white grid shows the extent of site that has been stacked
layers of program.
By stacking the programs, I had to figure out what should be where, and why? …
the church sits above all…
In this case the church does. Can you build over a church and justify is as much as building over a road, an office, a school… However, the church is not used often, and not by as many people as other programs. In actual fact the city is a model of constantly shifting programmatic hierarchies. The hierarchy itself is not based on one factor, such as use, it is based on many things such as how iconic something is, how functional is its location, when is it in use.
The transforming stacked city as a well oiled machine!
The next step is to define which programs have the most value and when, so that they can be put in the correct position of a constantly transforming 3D matrix of a city. The value of each building rises and falls within the context of time.
the city as a constantly transforming model
I imagine this to be a three dimensional matrix where programs move freely through the various layers of city fabric to their specified points when they are in use. The church would only reach the top of the hierarchy during prayer times and weekend services, whereas the offices and schools are at the top during hours of learning and working. This is the ideal – a well oiled machine. This model is based on use. But as said before, the hierarchy is deeper than that. There are anomalies, such as poeple who work at home, or are house parents. There are also unpredictable events (which I will not be looking into yet!).
The Orchestrated City.
method: collaging stacked programs over a day cycle.
The sections above show the space purely to do with program. The structure is stripped out as program does not have to be bound by material. The sections act as a cross section through the city, cutting through different programs, typologies, atmospheres and architectural expressions. The apartments are canvasses for the inhabitants to express themselves, where as in the school students express themselves through a patchwork of chosen posters on the wall, and the church expresses itself without any influence a part from natural light and stain glass windows.
When making this section, you realise programs that are usually attached do not have to be. Buildings are merely containers of different programs. The tower of the church can be disconnected from the church space – they have different values and therefore can be detached from each other within the hierarchy. The church tower has an iconic value. It must be high and visible and must ring a bell for different occasions. The church space is only used during the mornings and for weekend services. It only climbs the hierarchy during these times. In actual fact it can spend most of its time at the bottom. Some residents go to work and some stay at home. The uninhabited flats can sink to the bottom of the hierarchy, whilst the inhabited ones can go to the top.
This highlights the fact that different programs have values based on different factor. The car park has to be close to the road because it is functional. The school and offices are valued on time of use, as these spaces are used in a routine. The church tower has an iconic value, whilst the church space is about time of use. The telecommunications tower is tall as it is functional for it to be that way. The bunker is abandoned and has a visual value as it is a physical memory of what happened before. All of these things effect the way these programs move through space.
The city is an orchestrated one. One composed by the values of people.